Tomato plant belongs to the plant species and grows in most of the world throughout the seasons; it grows in cycles and seasons. Tomato shrubs are small and seasonal, and have different shapes; their stems are separated from the hard trunk in the soil, their leaves are finely chopped, their flowers are small yellow, their fruit is slightly tart, and when they ripen they become red. Which provides the body with basic nutrition and many chemical compounds that it needs, and has an important role in the protection of chronic diseases, and give him various health benefits, such as: Lycopene. It was believed about 200 years ago in the United States of America, despite the spread of eating tomatoes around the world; it was believed that tomatoes may be toxic, and this is due to the proof of the toxicity of some types of plant species
The nutritional value of tomatoes
The nutritional value of tomatoes Tomatoes contain a lot of minerals, vitamins, mineral salts, fatty substances, as well as carbohydrates, proteins, natural colors and cellulose, but contain some toxic alkaloids when they are green; ] The following table shows the dietary composition of each 100 g fresh mature tomatoes .
|Food ingredient||Nutritional value|
|Total fat||0.2 g|
Benefits of tomato tomatoes have many benefits to the body with health benefits, the most important of which are:
- Reducing symptoms of diabetes Tomatoes reduce the symptoms of diabetes in the first and second types; because of the containment of fiber; One cup of carrot tomatoes contains two grams of dietary fiber. Some research has shown that people with type 1 diabetes and consume diets rich in dietary fiber, Blood glucose levels are lower, and people with type 2 diabetes will improve their levels of fat, insulin and blood sugar.
- Preserving blood pressure levels Tomatoes maintain blood pressure levels because of their low sodium content. Each 100 g of fresh ripe tomatoes contains 5 mg of sodium, and its high potassium content expands blood vessels. In every 100g mature mature tomato 237 mg potassium .
- Because of their good content of vitamin C, fiber, choline and potassium, which is associated with large amounts of it in conjunction with the intake of low amounts of sodium lower risk of stroke,
- Combating different cancer types Tomato fights different types of cancer and fights cancer cells and free radicals because of their high content of vitamin C and other antioxidants. This is what Professor John Erdman of the University of Illinois at the College of Food Science and Human Nutrition (The Department of “There is a close association between increased tomato intake and low prostate cancer rates because of the benefits of tomatoes from lycopene. A study was conducted at the Harvard School of Public Health Nutrition, proved that eating junk foods rich in beta-carotene, such as tomatoes, may play an important role in protection from prostate cancer, it was observed among younger men. Another study in Japan has shown that beta-carotene consumption is inversely associated with the development of colon cancer, and that consumption of fiber from fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of cancer: colon, rectum and, according to the American Cancer Society, people who eat tomatoes may have a lower risk of developing Some types of cancers, especially cancers: stomach, prostate, and lung.
- Vitamin C is a rich source of vitamin C, which enters the synthesis and synthesis of collagen, an essential component of hair, nails, skin, and connective tissue. Vitamin C is one of the most important antioxidant vitamins, protects the skin from harmful sun rays and environmental pollution , Such as: wrinkles, sagging skin, and many other skin problems.
- Enhance the work of the digestive system Tomato strengthens the digestive system, and protects the body from catching constipation; because of the fiber and water, which activates the bowel movement, and softens the stool.
- Protecting the eyes Tomatoes protect the eyes because of their high content of beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein, and strong antioxidants that protect the eyes, maintain their health, and limit the development of age-related macular degeneration, The older the person is.